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Battle Ready Medieval Helmets

Functional Medieval Helmets

Helm, word of Germanic origin «Helm». Element of armor that protects the head and face of the warrior. It had its peak in the late Middle Ages when they became important pieces of medieval armor, later they continued to be used in parades, military parades and sports tournaments for safety. Currently they are manufactured for armor with ornamental and decorative purposes; despite the fact that their function is still performed by sports helmets and for anti-riot units.

The Helmet: The best head protection in the Middle Ages.

The need to protect the head is almost as old as war itself. Already in Sumerian bas-reliefs there are soldiers formed in phalanx protected with helmets.

In the Bronze Age some of the best examples of helmets appear, precursors of the helmet. Helmets with a multitude of ornaments such as horsehair or lined with wild boar's teeth have been found; but the vast majority, if not all, left their faces uncovered, even Minos's breastplate shows a helmet set very high. Later the Corinthian type helmet appeared (the most used in the cinema to represent Greek warriors) with large cheeks and nasal protection; cast in one piece (a complete metallurgical feat, according to Fernando Quesada Sanz5).

This tendency to protect the face partially disappears with the helmet of the Macedonian phalanges that did not have nasal protection, but cheeks, in addition to a protrusion towards the front (a good reconstruction of this piece can be seen in the film Alexander the Great of Oliver Stone). Even the various descendants of the Corinthian helmet used by the Roman legions still showed large cheeks, but without facial protection; although of much worse invoice, being produced in large quantities and paid for by the state, not by their carriers as in the Greek case.

The Functional Helmet for Excellence

Since the 10th century, documents give the name of a helmet to a knightly helmet that, in graphic representations, appears as a conical head guard, which can have ear protection, and even cheek protection, and a nasal protection. A sample of primitive helmet is the helmet of San Wenceslao, conserved in the cathedral of Prague; This defense is carried by the knights of the reliefs of Santa María de Ripoll, the stamps of Ramón Berenguer IV of Barcelona, ​​of his son King Alfonso and of Pedro el Católico.

In the S. XIII, a helmet was called a cylindrical barrel-shaped helmet, with a flat upper part, which was held on the shoulders and completely covered the head, which in its interior could move from right to left; It had a horizontal slot to allow vision and small side holes for ventilation and the perception of voices and noises. It was so heavy and oppressive that it was worn only at the time of fighting, and the few who used it wore another inner military helmet. With the advent of gunpowder, a helmet with face protection ceases to make sense as its wearer does not need to protect itself from splinters from broken lances, nor blows, by weapons that are already in disuse.

In this way, in the Modern Age, both helmets and the armor themselves are reducing in size first and adapting later; but they continued to be manufactured for tournaments between nobles (as a sport no longer as combat training).

In our store, you will find a vast catalog of helmets from 1mm suitable for decoration or LARP, to functional 2mm medieval helmets suitable for combat and historical reenactment. Visit us today!

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