Ibera Swords -Falcatas. The Falcata was the most significant among the Celtic swords, it has its origin in the knives of the iron age. It is curved and short (around 50cm)
The falcata has an asymmetric, single-edged curved blade. The edge rotates forward before going back again. This shape gives you a center of gravity located approximately in the middle of the blade and the cut point closest to the tip, which maximizes the power of each cut
The handle is as characteristic as the blade, small and one-handed, is shifted to the side. Its shape embraces the warrior's hand, often joining the blade again with a rivet
Its shape makes it eminently sharp, however, the presence of contrafilo seems to indicate that it also has use as a lunge weapon
There is 3 theory about its origin:
It can come from the curved knives of the Hallstatt culture
Comes from similar Greek weapons
The last theory attributes its creation to the Iberians
The Falcata is a curved-edged sword whose origin dates back to pre-Roman Iberia. It is the most significant weapon among the Celtic swords. It has its origin in the knives of the iron age. The Falcata is curved and short (around 50cm). It has an asymmetric, single-edged curved blade. Said edge rotates forward before going back again. As a result, this shape gives you a center of gravity located approximately in the middle of the blade and the cutting point closest to the tip. This causes the power of each pit to be maximized.
The handle is as characteristic as the blade. It is small and one-handed, and is offset to one side with respect to its axis. Its shape embraces the warrior's hand, like a hook. It is often attached to the blade again with a rivet. It also has bone porridge and knob with different shapes and figures. Its shape makes it excessively sharp. This puts it ahead of other swords in terms of its level of sharpening. However, the presence of contrafilo seems to indicate that it also has use as a weapon of thrust.
The origin of the Falcata is really unknown. However, there are 3 theories about its origin:
It can come from the curved knives of the Hallstatt culture.
It may come from similar Greek weapons. It is the most popular theory.
Its creation is attributed to the Iberians. It is the theory that holds least.
It is also unknown how this weapon was formerly called. For "falcata" is not its original name or a name used to refer to it. What is known is that this word is derived from the Latin: "falcatus, -a, -um". This means falconada, which means "sickle-shaped sword".
The iron with which the Falcata was made was of the highest quality. This material had a great cutting capacity and flexibility. It is about the two qualities that were sought in the manufacture of this weapon. The iron was subjected to an oxidation process. The purpose of the process was to eliminate the weak parts of the material. The sheet was made by the forging of three sheets and subsequent hot bonding. All this makes the Falcata a weapon superior to the rest in terms of material and quality.